Inequality of Education in Indonesia by Gender, Socioeconomic Background and Government Expenditure

Sugeng Setyadi

Abstract


Education plays an important role in improving the quality of human resources capable of encouraging economic and social development. Education is also one of the goals of the sustainable development goals in increasing the quantity and quality of human resources continuously which must be carried out equitably and accessible to all without education, geographical, social and economic status. However, the issue of education inequality has recently become a serious concern both at the provincial and district or city levels. This study aims to analyze the factors that influence educational inequality in Indonesia in 2019 and 2020. The analytical method in this study uses panel data regression with 5 equation models. The results show that gender inequality and education budgets can reduce educational inequality.

Keywords: Education Inequality, Gender Gap, Education Expenditure, Indonesia


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20884/1.erjpe.2022.17.1.2895

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