Layoffs and the Mental Health of Remaining Workers in Pandemic Covid 19

Eka Pariyanti, Neneng Sofiyanti, Andiana Rosid


Sudden layoffs due to COVID-19 pose financial and psychological challenges, with effects on the mental health of remaining employees. Gratitude is proposed as a moderating variable in this study, with the hope of being able to moderate the relationship between layoffs, cut salary, and employee mental health. This research was conducted at the Convection in East Lampung with the number of respondents as many as 197 employees. Data analysis using the interaction test is often referred to as Moderated Regression Analysis (MRA). The results of this study indicate that gratitude mediates the relationship between layoffs, cut salary, and employee mental health. Gratitude can be an alternative to improve employee mental health.


Keywords: Layoffs, Cut Salary, Gratitude, Employee Mental Health

Full Text:



Adawiyah, W. R., & Pramuka, B. A. (2017). Scaling the notion of Islamic spirituality in the workplace. Journal of Management Development.

Bertrand, M., Card, D., Currie, J., French, E., Glaeser, E., Greenstone, M., Katz, L., Lee, D., Lleras-muney, A., Lucifora, C., & Paxson, C. (2009). Job Displacement And Mortality : An Analysis Using Administrative Data ∗ August, 1265–1306.

Bewley, Truman F. 1998. “Why Not Cut Pay?” European Economic Review 42(3–5): 459–90.

Brand, J. E., Levy, B. R., & Gallo, W. T. (2008). Effects of layoffs and plant closings on subsequent depression among older workers. Research on Aging, 30(6), 701–721.

Citrome, Leslie. 1997. “Layoffs, Reductions-in-Force, Downsizing, Rightsizing: The Case of a State Psychiatric Hospital.” Administration and Policy in Mental Health 24(6): 523–33.

Datta, Deepak K., James P. Guthrie, Dynah Basuil, and Alankrita Pandey. 2010. “Causes and Effects of Employee Downsizing: A Review and Synthesis.” Journal of Management 36(1): 281–348.

Gerlach, Knut, David Levine, Gesine Stephan, and Olaf Struck. 2006. “And Pay Cuts : Comparing.”

Kameny, M. M. (2006). The case of the consulting industry submitted by. 3133.

Kropiewnicki, M. E. (2011). Running the Practice Business Operations The Impact of Layoffs and Employee Turnover on Those Who Remain.

Kropiewnicki, Mark E. 2011. “Running the Practice Business Operations The Impact of Layoffs and Employee Turnover on Those Who Remain.”

Krupa, Terry, Dorothy Luong, Ilmu Pekerjaan, and Universitas Toronto. “Pengawas Memahami Dan Mengelola Esehatan Mental Karyawan Di Tempat Kerja.” : 547–56.

Le, Christine, Clainche Lille, and Lille Économie Management. 2019. “Document de Travail Working Paper The Effects of Mass Layoffs on Mental Health.”

McLaughlin, Kenneth J. 1991. “A Theory of Quits and Layoffs with Efficient Turnover.” Journal of Political Economy 99(1): 1–29.

Sugiyono. (2017). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R & D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Suliyanto, P. (2018). Metode Penelitian Bisnis untuk Skripsi, Tesis & Disertasi. Yogyakarta: Andi Publisher.

Voßemer, Jonas, Michael Gebel, Olena Nizalova, and Olga Nikolaieva. 2018. “The Effect of an Early-Career Involuntary Job Loss on Later Life Health in Europe.” Advances in Life Course Research 35(July 2017): 69–76.

Aziz, R., Wahyuni, E. N., & Wargadinata, W. (2017). Kontribusi Bersyukur dan Memaafkan dalam Mengembangkan Kesehatan Mental di Tempat Kerja. INSAN Jurnal Psikologi Dan Kesehatan Mental, 2(1), 33.

Greenberg, J. (1990). Employee Theft as a Reaction to Underpayment Inequity: The Hidden Cost of Pay Cuts. Journal of Applied Psychology, 75(5), 561–568.

Nindya, B., & Garaga, I. (2017). Hardiness Karyawan Yang Mengalami. 5(3), 642–653.


  • There are currently no refbacks.