How to Develop SME's Creativity? An Empirical Study On SME's Creative Industry in Kebumen Regency
Creativity and innovation are critical factors for organizational performance. Encouraging
creativity and innovative behavior will develop SME‘s competitive advantage. SME‘s owners or
leaders need have to improve their creative thinking power because it is considered as an
important asset for them. This study aims to examine the effect of employee support and family
support on the creativity of SME‘s owners. The research model was tested in the context of the
creative industry sector of SMEs in Kebumen Regency area. Data was collected by distributing
questionnaires to 100 respondents. Sampling method applied is non-probability sampling. Path
analysis with Smart PLS 3 software was used to test the research model. This study raises the
hypothesis that intrinsic motivation, employee support and family support have a positive effect
on creativity, employee support and family support have a positive effect on intrinsic motivation,
and intrinsic motivation can mediate the effect of employee support and family support
Keywords: creativity, intrinsic motivation, employee support, family support.
Amabile, T. M. (1996). Creativity in context: Update to the social psychology of creativity.
Boulder, CO: Westview Press
Amabile, T. M., Conti, R., Coon, H., Lazenby, J., & Herron, M. (1996). Assessing the work environment
for creativity. Academy of Management Journal, 39: 1154–1184.
Amabile, T.M. & Mueller, J. S. (2008). Studying creativity, its processes, and its attendance: An
exploration of the componental theory of creativity
Coelho, F., Mário & Lages, L.F. (2011). Contextual factors and the creativity of frontline employees: The
mediating effects of role stress and intrinsik motivation. Journal of Retailing, 87: 31–45
Cummings, A., & Oldham, G. R. (1997). Enhancing creativity: Managing work contexts for the high
potential employee. California Management Review, 40: 22-38.
Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R.M. (1987). The support of autonomy and the control of behavior. Journal of
Personality and Social Psychology, 53: 1024-1037
Gupta, A. and Singhal, A. (1993), Managing Human Resources for Innovation and Creativity, Research
Technology Management, Vol. 36, No.3, pp. 8-41.
Grant, M. A., & Berry, J.W. (2011). The necessity of others is the mother of invention: Intrinsik and
prosocial motivations, perspective taking, and creativity. Academy of Management Journal, 54:
Koestner, R., Walker, M., & Fichman, L. (1999). Childhood parenting experiences and adult creativity.
Journal of Research in Personality, 33: 92-107.
Madjar, N. (2005). The contributions of different groups of individuals to employees‘
creativity. Advances in developing human resources, 7(2), 182-206.
Madjar, N., Oldham, G. R., & Pratt, M. G. (2002). There‘s no place like home?: The contributions of
work and non-work creativity support to employees‘ creative performance. Academy of
Management Journal, 45: 757–767
Mumford, M. D. (2003). Where have we been, where are we going? Taking stock in creativity
research. Creativity research journal, 15(2-3), 107-120.
Oldham, G. R., & Cummings, A. (1996). Employee creativity: Personal and contextual factors
at work. Academy of Management Journal, 39, 607–634.
Proctor, Tony. (2010). Creative Problem Solving for Managers Developing Skills for Decision Making
and Innovaion. NY: Routledge.
Shalley, C. E., Zhou, J. & Oldham, G. R. (2004). The effects of personal and contextual characteristics
on creativity: Where should we go from here?Journal of Management, 30: 933-958.
Shin, S., & Zhou, J. (2003). Transformational leadership, conservation, and creativity: Evidence from
Korea. Academy of Management Journal, 46: 703–714.
Wallas, G. (1926). The Art of thought. London: Cape.
Zhou, J. (2003). When The Presence of Creative Coworkers is Related to Creativity: Role of Supervisor
Close Mentoring, Developmental Feedback, and Creative Personality. Journal Applied
Psychology, 88, 51-524.
Zhou, J. & George, J. M. (2001). When job dissatisfaction leads to creativity: encouraging the expression
of voice. Academy of Management Journal, 44, 682-696.
Zhou Jing, Christina E. Shalley (2008). Organizational Creativity. Lawrence Elbaum Associates Taylor
& Francis Group. Madison Avenue. New York.
- There are currently no refbacks.