Novita Puspasari


Cooperatives play a role in achieving a prosperous economic life in society. However, in Indonesia, cooperatives only contribute a small percentage to the Indonesian GDP. Furthermore, cooperative facing various external and internal challenges today. This paper aims to capture the journey of cooperatives in Indonesia from independence to the present. Furthermore, this paper also introduces several new cooperative models that can be implemented in Indonesia in the future. Data collection was carried out by an extensive literature study of cooperatives' various historical literature at home and abroad. This study finds that during the independence period until the New Order era, producer cooperatives dominated, nowadays, consumer cooperatives and savings and loans dominate. In the future, workers' cooperatives and startup cooperatives can become new development models.

Keywords: cooperative, cooperative history, producer cooperative, consumer cooperative, startup cooperative

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